59 Ways to Say 'In Conclusion'

By Carly Forsaith, updated on May 16, 2023

In this article, we’ll learn 59 alternative ways to say ‘in conclusion.’ In other words, you’re going to learn some synonyms of the common expression.

If you find yourself using the words ‘in conclusion’ a lot and wish you knew of other ways to say it, then you’ve come to the right place.

Other Ways to Say ‘In Conclusion'

So you want to learn new ways to say ‘in conclusion?’ Whether it’s for a formal or more casual setting, knowing alternative words for this popular expression can always come in handy.

So without further ado, let’s dive in.

‘In Conclusion’ Definition

First of all, what does ‘in conclusion’ mean? That’s an excellent place to start.

  • It's an expression you use at the end of an idea to wrap up what you’ve said so far and to introduce your findings or thoughts on the matter.
  • You’ll usually find these words at the end of a paragraph, a section, or at the very end of the piece itself.

Here are some examples of texts where you’ll often (if not always) find a conclusion:

For example, any well-structured blog deserves to be concluded. If you scroll to the end of any of our articles, you’ll always find that the very last section is a conclusion section where we summarize what was learned throughout the blog and any final thoughts on the topic.

Formal Ways to Say ‘In Conclusion’

The expression ‘in conclusion’ is often used in formal writing, such as academic essays or research papers, because those are the kinds of writing that require one. But if there’s one crucial thing in a well-written paper, it’s avoiding repetition and showing that you have a wide and varied vocabulary.

Is that you? Are you currently writing an academic paper or other text you hope to impress with? If so, this section is for you.

Here are some alternative ways to say ‘in conclusion’ in a formal setting:

1. By way of conclusion

2. To conclude

3. On a final note

4. To summarize

5. In closing

6. All things considered

7. Finally

8. In brief

9. Ultimately

10. For all intents and purposes

11. In essence

12. The bottom line is

13. To bring things to a close

14. To wrap things up

15. The main takeaway

16. If you take anything from this, let it be that

17. As I've demonstrated

18. As has been shown

19. Lastly

20. To review

21. By way of final observation

Casual Ways to Say ‘In Conclusion’

22. In a nutshell

23. Basically

24. Long story short

25. All in all

26. At the end of the day

27. So what I’m saying is

28. The gist of it is

29. On the whole

30. To sum up

31. To get to the point

32. After all is said and done

Different Ways to Conclude

There are a bunch of other ways you can conclude your argument, text, or speech. I'm going to list these below, and while they're not synonymous with 'in conclusion' like the phrases outlined above, they're still effective for rounding up or finalizing your argument.

33. By and large

34. Mostly

35. In general

36. Most importantly

37. Taking everything into account

38. In the end

39. As a result

40. As you can see

41. In the final analysis

42. For the most part

43. In the main

44. Chiefly

45. In short

46. Upon consideration

47. Upon further review

48. Overall

49. Predominantly

50. What I mean by that

51. In summary

52. What this means

53. Generally

54. With this in mind

55. Considering all this

56. Everything considered

57. All things considered

58. Considering all of the facts

59. In light of these facts

Examples in a Sentence

Okay, so now we’ve got some alternative ways of saying ‘in conclusion,’ how about we look at how to use some of these in context?

Let’s use some real-life sentence examples to illustrate.

Here are some formal setting examples:

To summarize our findings, it appears that when the rats were in a peaceful setting, they chose healthier food.

For all intents and purposes, their hearts are in the right place.

All things considered, the girls seemed just as likely as the boys to want to play team sports.

I think the important thing here is to look at the bottom line.

The bottom line is that it’s good for the soul to listen to music.

And now some examples of more casual conversations:

In a nutshell, I think you and I should be together.

So what I'm saying is, what counts is what you do, not what you don't do.

The gist of it is that it makes more sense to book in advance than to show up on the day.

Long story short, I'm back in New York and looking for a job.

At the end of the day, he just does whatever he wants to, regardless of the consequences.

Final Thoughts

And this is the moment where we begin our conclusion to this article. As I mentioned earlier, all good articles need a conclusion.

Let’s summarize what we’ve learned:

  • Use a conclusion at the end of your text, speech, or argument.
  • Choose the correct expression based on the context you’re in.
  • Use the concluding section to make any final remarks about your findings or your thoughts on the topic.

And if you found this article helpful, head to our blog, where you’ll find lots more like this.

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Written By:
Carly Forsaith
Carly Forsaith is one of the lead freelance writers for WritingTips.org. Carly is a copywriter who has been writing about the English language for over 3 years. Before that, she was a teacher in Thailand, helping people learn English as a second language. She is a total grammar nerd and spends her time spotting language errors on signs and on the internet.

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