If you are looking for an explanation of the difference between 'whomever' vs. 'whoever,' here it is.
Here is the quick version, in case you are in a hurry:
There is much more to learn. So, keep reading to find out how to use 'whomever' and 'whoever' correctly.
'Whomever' and 'whoever' are different cases of the same word. 'Whomever' is the objective case of the pronoun.
You use the objective case of a pronoun when the word is being used as an object and the subjective case of a pronoun when it is the subject of a sentence.
Objective pronouns are terms like:
Notice that the spelling of some objective pronouns like him, her, whom, and whomever is different, but others like it are not.
I explained the difference between 'whomever' vs. 'whoever.' But, it can still be a challenge to know when to use each term and when to use the subjective vs. objective forms of pronouns.
So, here are some tips:
For example, you could say:
Who is in charge here?
So, you could say:
Do you know whom I need to talk to about applying for a job?
In the sample sentence above, I is the subject, and whom is the person you need to talk to? So, you use 'whom' because they are the object or recipient of the verb.
For example, you could say:
Whoever painted this painting is a talented artist.
As an example, you could say:
He falls in love with whomever he meets.
As you can see in the sentence above, the subject is he, and the object of his love is 'whomever.'
For example, I might say:
If you are going out of town, you should leave a letter addressed to 'whom or whomever it may concern' that gives authority to the person caring for your children, home, or pets to handle emergencies in your absence.
According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, 'whomever' is a pronoun defined as:
There are no synonyms or similar words to 'whomever' in the English language.
The same defines 'whoever' as a pronoun that means:
According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, no synonyms exist for 'whoever.' However, you can use the pronoun 'anyone' instead of 'whoever' in certain contexts.
Pronunciation is an essential aspect of learning new terms and knowing how to correctly pronounce terms like 'whomever' and 'whoever,' you are more confident to use them in conversations and when speaking in public.
So, here is a guide to help you pronounce 'whomever' vs. 'whoever.'
As you can see, the pronunciations are similar but slightly different. The difference indicates whether the term is a subject or the recipient of a verb's action.
Therefore, if you use the term in an objective case, you must pronounce the m. Otherwise, you spell and pronounce the term without the m.
Congratulations! You made it to the end of this lesson. But before you go, let's recap the difference between 'whomever' vs. 'whoever' one more time:
Do not feel bad if you get confused about which of these terms to use. Even experienced writers occasionally need a refresher on the meanings of words like these.
You can always return to this page to review this guide and learn about hundreds of other commonly misused and mispronounced words in the confusing words section here.