Are you stuck on whether the plural form of 'stimulus' is 'stimuluses' or 'stimuli?' Do not worry. Many people are unsure of the correct plural form of this and other confusing words in the English language. However, you will not doubt the proper plural form after reading this guide.
Do you need a quick answer?
Here it is:
If you want to discover why 'stimuli' is correct, read the rest of this guide. It contains example sentences, definitions, similar words, and usage tips to ensure you know how to use the word grammatically.
When talking about more than one stimulus, the correct form of the word is 'stimuli.' 'Stimuluses' is a misspelling and is never grammatically correct. This isn't very clear because you add -es to the end of some words that end in -us to create the plural form.
However, some words in the language derived from Latin follow a different rule. These words replace the -us suffix with an 'i.'
As I mentioned, you should never use 'stimuluses.'
But how do you know when to use 'stimuli?'
For example, I might say something like:
I felt so overwhelmed by all of the stimuli around me. There were several loud sounds, as well as bright flashing lights.
You should only use 'stimuli' when you need the plural form of 'stimulus' or something that creates a biological response to something internal or external.
If you were talking about stimulus payments, you would use the singular version because the payments resulted from the same stimulus or event.
The word stimulus is often used about the economy. An economic stimulus is a regulatory or government policy intended to stimulate the economy. Generally, when people speak about the economy, they use stimulus instead of 'stimuli.'
There are certain terms that people frequently use in connection to specific subjects. A 'stimuli' can be internal, like hormones produced in the body. Or, they can be external, like cold temperatures, sounds, vibrations, etc.
Typically, people use the word 'stimuli' when speaking about sensory objects or something that naturally produces a physical response. When speaking about stimulatory drugs, the correct word is stimulants.
According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, 'stimuli' is the plural form of the noun stimulus, and it means:
It can also mean:
There are quite a few words that relate to 'stimuli,' including:
There are several synonyms that you can use instead of 'stimuli,' like:
'Stimuli' comes from the Latin word stimulus, the word used for a cattle prod or a stick to keep cattle moving. The first examples of the word in texts appeared in the late 1600s. During the 1700s, the term was used in the context of medicine or responses in the body.
Now that you know the correct version of stimulus, you need to know how to pronounce it.
Here is a quick guide:
You can use this phonetic spelling to pronounce 'stimuli' correctly:
Now that you know whether the plural form of stimulus is 'stimuluses' or 'stimuli,' let's look at some sample sentences to ensure you know how to use it correctly.
You should know whether the plural form of stimulus is 'stimuluses' or 'stimuli' by now. However, here is a quick recap:
You also learned that people typically do not use 'stimuli' when discussing the economy, stimulus payments, or stimulating medications.
If you get mixed up in the future, come back here to review. You can also look at the other guides in the confusing words section for help learning about other words and terms that trip up many people learning English. You can also benefit from reviewing the other posts as an aspiring writer.
Reading through a post or two each day will help you expand your vocabulary and learn how to properly use many terms so that you can write more confidently.
Add new comment