Many words in the English language start with the prefix ‘dis’ or ‘mis.’ You might be wondering what they mean. We’ll go over the meaning and provide some examples so that you know how to use both prefixes in your everyday writing with ease.
In short, here’s what they mean:
While they sound similar, these prefixes mean two different things. Be careful when using them, as they cannot be used interchangeably.
As you just learned, the prefix ‘dis’ means not or opposite. The prefix ‘mis’ means wrong.
In the next section, we’ll look at examples of words with these prefixes.
You might see these prefixes most commonly attached to root verbs. Let’s take a look at some examples.
According to Merriam-Webster, the definition of the prefix ‘dis’ is to do the opposite of, deprive, exclude or kick out, or the absence of.
It could also mean not or completely.
The same dictionary defines the prefix ‘mis’ as badly, wrongly, unfavorably, in a suspicious manner, opposite or lack of, or not.
Not sure how to pronounce these prefixes? Here’s a short guide.
Let’s see some examples of how to use ‘dis’ as part of a word in a sentence.
Now let’s see some examples of how to use ‘mis’ as part of a word in a sentence.
To recap, we learned that the difference is:
These prefixes sound similar but mean two different things. Be sure not to use them interchangeably.
If you ever get stuck on anything, you can always come back and refresh your memory. We’ve got a whole library of content dedicated to explaining confusing words and phrases you might see as you’re learning the language. Don’t be afraid to check it out.
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